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Library Law

TYPES OF PUBLIC LIBRARIES IN OHIO BY LAW
 
Ohio law governs the formation of 7 types of public libraries. One type, a Regional Library District, is allowed under the law but has never been created. Another type, the Association Library, is not clearly dealt with in the law but is eligible for Public Library Fund (PLF) funding under certain circumstances.
 
ASSOCIATION - Governed by Articles of Incorporation.
·         Taxing Authority is not set within Ohio Code.
·         Service area - sometimes vaguely established within the Articles of Incorporation. The State Library Board appreciates the opportunity to redefine boundaries or, when possible, consider applications for reorganization as county district libraries. Redefinition as county district libraries also sets the taxing authority.
·         Ohio Revised Code (ORC) - this type of library is not clearly dealt with in Chapter 3375 of the ORC, but information is found in Section 1713.28 "Organic rules may be prescribed in articles of certain corporations" of the ORC.
·         Number in existence - 19
 
COUNTY - Board of 6 members appointed by the Judges of the County Court of Common Pleas.
·         Taxing authority is the County Commissioners.
·         Service area is the county within which it is located, leaving out any areas being served by other libraries.
·         ORC Sections 3375.06-3375.08
·         Number in existence - 3
 
COUNTY EXTENSION - Libraries that have been given permission to provide service outside their legal boundaries but not within another library’s boundaries.
Number in existence - 28
 
COUNTY DISTRICT - Board of 7 members, 3 appointed by County Court of Common Pleas and 4 appointed by the County Commissioners.
·         Taxing authority is the County Commissioners.
·         Service area is set by resolution - usually all school districts within county currently not being serviced by another library.
·         ORC Sections 3375.19-3375.24
·         Number in existence - 58
 
MUNICIPAL - Board of 6 members appointed by the Mayor.
·         Taxing authority is the City Council.
·         Service area is city in which it is located.
·         ORC Sections 3375.12-3375.13
·         Number in existence - 19
 
SCHOOL DISTRICT - Board of 7 members appointed by School District Board of Education.
·         Taxing authority is the School District Board of Education.
·         Service area is school district in which it is located.
·         ORC Sections 3375.15-3375.18
·         Number in existence - 148 (This sets us apart from other states; we have far more school district libraries than most other states.)
 
TOWNSHIP - Board of 3 members appointed by the Township Trustees.
·         Taxing authority is the Township Trustees.
·         Service area is township in which it is located.
·         ORC Sections 3375.09-3375.11
·         Number in existence - 4
 
REGIONAL LIBRARY DISTRICT - This type of library would be created from two or more independent libraries in different counties desiring to merge. It is allowed for within the ORC but there have never been any in Ohio.
·         ORC Sections 3375.28-3375.31
·         Number in existence - 0
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